It is the traditional site of the sea monster Scylla of Greek mythology. Its beach is the first place north of Reggio Calabria where the waters are not cooled by the strait draughts. The Ruffo Castle, a fortress built by the Dukes of Calabriaoverlooks the beach. On a seaward-facing terrace is Scilla Lighthousean important aid to ships entering the Strait of Messina from the north.
It is said that Tyrrhenian pirates were the first to settle this coastal area in BC, but others claim it was already settled during the time of the Trojan Wars in the 12th century BC. The town of Scilla has ancient origins that relate mainly to the period of the destruction of Troy and invokes the myths and legends of Ulysses with Scylla and Charybdisof Homer and Dante Alighieri.
The offended sorceress poisoned the sea-pool where the nymph used to bathe, turning her into a horrific six dog-headed monster who destroyed every ship crossing the Strait of Messina.
The village suffered greatly from the Calabria earthquakes and the Messina earthquake. Scilla lays across the Strait of Messinawith Sicily observable from the town. When visibility is clear, the island of Stromboli can also be seen. Scilla is one of two primary settings in Elizabeth Streeta historical novel by Laurie Fabiano that tells of the experiences of a family who emigrates from Scilla to New York City 's Little Italy neighborhood in the early 20th century.
The town is served by a station on the Salerno - Reggio Calabria railway. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comune in Calabria, Italy. Coat of arms. Location of Scilla. Stromboli visible from Scilla at dusk. Retrieved 16 March Retrieved Elizabeth Street. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.Reggio is located on the "toe" of the Italian Peninsula and is separated from the island of Sicily by the Strait of Messina.
It is situated on the slopes of the Aspromontea long, craggy mountain range that runs up through the centre of the region. Aboutpeople live in the metropolitan area, recognised in by Italian Republic as a metropolitan city. As a major functional pole in the region, it has strong historical, cultural and economic ties with the city of Messinawhich lies across the strait in Sicilyforming a metro city of less than 1 million people.
Reggio is the oldest city in the region, and despite its ancient foundation—Rhegion was an important and flourishing colony of Magna Graecia —it has a modern urban system, set up after the catastrophic earthquake ofwhich destroyed most of the city. The region has been subject to earthquakes. It is a major economic centre for regional services and transport on the southern shores of the Mediterranean.
Reggio is the seat, sinceof the Archeological Superintendence of Bruttium and Lucania. The city centre, consisting primarily of Liberty buildings, has a linear development along the coast with parallel streets, and the promenade is dotted with rare magnolias and exotic palms.
Reggio has commonly used popular nicknames: The "city of Bronzes", after the Bronzes of Riace that are testimonials of its Greek origins; the "city of bergamot ", which is exclusively cultivated in the region; and the "city of Fatamorgana ", an optical phenomenon visible in Italy only from the Reggio seaside. During its 3,year history Reggio has often been renamed.
Each name corresponds with the city's major historical phases:. The toponym of the city might derive from an Italic word rec meaning kingcognate with Latin rex. The history of the area before the arrival of the Greeks in the eighth century BC is not reliably known. Mythical accounts record a series of different peoples in the region, including the Osci sometimes referred to as OpiciTrojansOenotriansLiguresAusonesMamertinesTaureanesSicelsMorgeti and Itali.
The term 'Italia' initially referred to the area around Reggio itself, before expanding to cover present-day, southern Calabria later known as Bruttiumand finally becoming the name of the whole Italian peninsula around the third century BC.
After CumaeReggio was one of the first Greek colonies in southern Italy. The legendary founder of the city was King Iocastus, son of Aeoluswho was later said to be buried on the Punta Calamizzi promontory called "Pallantion" and appeared on the city's coinage.
Rhegion was one of the most important cities in Magna Graeciareaching great economic and political power during the 5th and 6th centuries BC under Anaxilaswho reigned as tyrant from BC. Anaxilas conquered Zancle modern Messinaextending Rhegian control over both shores of the Straits of Messina.
He attempted to conquer Locri as well in BC but was rebuffed. He attacked the city for the first time in BC, but he was rebuffed. Throughout classical antiquity Rhegion remained an important maritime and commercial city as well as a cultural centre, as is demonstrated by the presence of academies of art, philosophy, and science, such as the Pythagorean School, and also by its well-known poet Ibycusthe historian Ippysthe musicologist Glaucus, and the sculptors Pythagoras and Clearchus.
Thereafter, Rhegium was an important ally of Rome, with the status of municipium and socia navalis naval ally. It retained its Greek customs and language, as well as its mint.
Under the Emperor Augustusthe city was renamed Rhegium Juli in honour of the emperor's adoptive father Julius Caesar and it was the seat of the Corrector governor of "Regio II Lucania et Bruttii" the southernmost of the eleven regiones into which Italy was divided.
In AD 61 the apostle St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage towards Rome,  converting the first local Christians and, according to tradition, laying the foundations of the Christianization of Bruttium. Rhegium boasted in imperial times, nine thermal baths,  one of which is still visible today on the sea-front.
Due to its seismic activity, the Reggio area was often damaged by earthquakes, such as in 91 BC, AD 17, and Invasions by the Vandalsthe Lombards and the Goths occurred in the 5th- 6th centuries, and then, under Byzantine rule, Reggio became a Metropolis of the Byzantine possessions in Italy and was also the capital of the Duchy of Calabria several times between and AD. Following wars between the Lombards and Byzantines in the 6th century, present-day Calabria, then known as Bruttiumwas renamed Calabria.
As Reggio was a Byzantine centre of culture, certain monks undertook the work of scribes and carried out the transcription of ancient classical works. Until the 15th century Reggio was one of the most important Greek-rite Bishoprics in Italy and even today Greek words are used and are recognisable in local speech and Byzantine terms can be found in local liturgy, in religious icons and even in local recipes.From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
Wikidata has entry Q with data related to this item. Subcategories This category has the following 24 subcategories, out of 24 total. Pages in category "Reggio Calabria" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. Media in category "Reggio Calabria" The following 85 files are in this category, out of 85 total. Flag of Reggio Calabria. Alberi di Faggio. Auditorium Nicola Calipari - panoramio.
Boschi di faggio. Consiglio Regionale - panoramio. Crociera sullo Stretto di Messina - panoramio. Etna da Capo dell'Armi - panoramio. Etna innevata - panoramio. Faggio a gornelle. Gallico marina - panoramio. Giardini del Consiglio Regionale - panoramio. Giardini del lungomare di Reggio Calabria - panoramio.
Giardini di Palazzo Campanella - panoramio. Ingresso deposito. Ingresso Villa comunale - panoramio. Istituto Campanella - panoramio. Istituto Tecnico Commerciale Raffaele Piria - panoramio. La Pineta - panoramio. Le Palme - panoramio.
Lido Comunale - panoramio. Lo stretto di Messina dal Lungomare di Reggio - panoramio. Lungomare Reggio Calabria Palazzo liberty - panoramio. Lungomare reggio calabria. Lungomare Villa Zerbi - panoramio. Maestro delfini. Mattonella anti 'Ndrangheta - panoramio. Mercatino dell'antiquariato - panoramio. Messina strait and Messina. Palazzo Arabesque - panoramio. Palazzo Campanella Consiglio Regionale - panoramio. Palazzo condominiale - panoramio. Palazzo del Consiglio Regionale - panoramio 1.Luvera Sr.
Calabria Towns Database
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Milan season—07 A. Milan season—08 A. Associazioni Calcio Riunite Messina S. Abraham Garton was a Jewish printer who printed the first dated Hebrew book in Europe in Acts 28 is the twenty-eighth and also the last chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
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Agnana Calabra is a comune municipality in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria. Agostino Lanzillo 31 October — 3 March was an Italian revolutionary syndicalist leader who later became a member of Benito Mussolini's fascist movement.
Alessandro Gazzi born 28 January is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder for Alessandria. Alessandro Serpieri 31 OctoberSan Giovanni in Marignano, near Rimini, — 22 FebruaryFiesole was an Italian scientist known for work in astronomy and seismology.
This is an alphabetical list of the 8, Italian comuni which existed following the merger of Campolongo al Torre with Tapogliano to form the new comune of Campolongo Tapogliano, and the redesignation of Rivanazzano as Rivanazzano Terme.
Andrea Costa born 1 February is an Italian footballer who currently plays as a defender or midfielder for Serie A side Benevento. Andreea Ehritt-Vanc born 6 October is a Romanian former professional tennis player. Anna Floris born 15 Mayis a retired professional female tennis player from Italy. Anthony "Tony" Milano was an Italian mobster who rose to power in America working for the Cleveland crime family in the American Mafia.
Antonello Venditti born 8 March is an Italian singer-songwriter who became famous in the s for the social themes of his songs. Antonimina is a comune municipality in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about southwest of Catanzaro and about northeast of Reggio Calabria.
Antonio Diego Voci VOH-chee — was an internationally collected Italian figurative artist with the largest group of owners of his works residing in Switzerland, England, Germany, Italy, Canada and the US; as well as various works scattered the world over.
Antonio Imerti Villa San Giovanni, August 22,also known as "Nanu feroce" "fierce dwarf"is an Italian criminal and a member of the 'Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia.
Villa San Giovanni
Antonio Rizzo born 28 March is an Italian former footballer who played as a defender. Antonio Strati born is an Italian organizational theorist, artist and Professor at the University of Trento, particularly known for his work on "Organization and aesthetics". The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains".
The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains.
Appennini are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy. The Appian Way Latin and Italian: Via Appia is one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. Apple Maps or simply Maps is a web mapping service developed by Apple Inc.The town is well known for its bread.
The area was apparently populated by ex-convicts from the prison of Reggio Calabria as a kind of penal colony. The population was mainly employed in sheep husbandry.
An earthquake on February 5,partially destroyed the town, killing 25 people. The area is prone to floods and landslides and was hit in,and On October 16—18,the town was hit by a floods from the Careri river and landslides, partially destroying the town and leaving 18 people dead. Many people decided to leave and headed north to Turin and Milan or emigrated, in particular to Australia.
In and the town was hit again by floods. Plati is notorious for being a center of the powerful 'Ndranghetathe Calabrian organized crime organization. The town has been called the "cradle of kidnapping" and it is suspected that kidnap victims were held within underground hide-outs.
In a large scale operation in the night of 13 Novemberthousands of carabinieri stormed the town, discovering hidden underground rooms and hallways and arresting people. The tunnels are sophisticated and in some places large enough to drive a lorry through. Most of the passages run parallel to the town's sewer system. Remote-controlled trap doors lead into houses, some of them uninhabited, enabling the 'ndranghetisti to escape from the police at a moment's notice.
Some of the tunnels emerge outside the town close to woodland, while others open into animal pens and barns on local farms. In Julythe town council was dissolved on orders from the central government and replaced by a prefectoral commissioner because it had been infiltrated by the 'Ndrangheta.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comune in Calabria, Italy. Coat of arms. January 1, . Retrieved 16 March Retrieved January 16, Hidden categories: Articles with Italian-language sources it Articles with German-language sources de Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Articles containing Sicilian-language text Articles containing Italian-language text Coordinates on Wikidata Articles containing Greek-language text Pages using the Kartographer extension.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Map of the province of Reggio Calabria. Reggio Calabria RC. Mary Our Lady of Loreto . Official website.In its population was 13, It is the main terminal of access to Sicily. On 25 April the President of the Republic had conferred upon it the title of "city".
It is located on the coast of Strait of Messinafacing the city of Messina across the narrow strait and its port is the main ferry terminal for Sicily.
Punta Pezzolocated in the municipality of Villa, represents the point of greatest proximity between the Calabrian shore and the Sicilian side: this has made the city the ideal place for crossing the Strait.
Punta Pezzo contains a notable lighthouse. There are many neighborhoods: Acciarello, Cannitello, Pezzo and Piale. The last decades of the sixteenth century saw the rise in the small coastal villages, such as Cannitello and Pezzo, inhabited mostly by sailors and fishermen. Further inland, at the current center of the Villa, there was a village called Fossa. Later came Piale and Acciarello.
The coastal repopulation accelerated the eighteenth century progressive decline of Fiumara di Muro, until the administrative reform implemented in by Giuseppe Bonaparte definitively abolished the feudal system and the Lordship of Fiumara disappeared. On 8 January he fought a naval battle between the Dutch and the French fleet in the waters of the Strait in front of Punta Pezzo, with a victorious outcome for the French.
The cannons found at Pezzo in probably date back to this battle. Inthere was an unfortunate incident involving the small village of Fossa. In March of that year, a Genoese ship loaded with wheat from Patras had brought the plague to Messina that was the last major outbreak of plague in Western Europe.
The Health Council of the city of Reggio Calabria had ordered all boats not to approach the port of Messina and instituted guard duty on the coast to enforce the ordinance. The Health Council of Messina denied the epidemic, so as not to interrupt the trade with the continent; however once the alarming news coming from the Sicilian town was heard, the spokespersons were not considered trustworthy and four citizens, two noble and two civilians, provided surveillance for Fossa, which then numbered no more than seventy people and Pezzo with perhaps two hundred and Acciarello, a village recently formed as a result of the exodus of the Azzarello family of Messina just because of the plague.
Throughout the month of April, confusing news of the Messina situation arrived in Naples, so the government did not take the necessary steps, while the epidemic grew enormously in that city. In the situation of isolation in which Messina found itself, many sailors and masters began to smuggle in food and basic necessities from the Calabrian side of the Strait and the resorts of Ganzirri and Torre Faro in Messina.
This led to the arrival on the continent of infected products. It is said that on the night of 10 June, the Sicilians, not having quite enough money to pay them, gave them a coat and Paul Lombardo accepted it and put it on: the coat was infected and soon the two brothers died because of the disease, and in the days following, their closest relatives.
In any case, the epidemic came to Fossa. Hearing the news, the two mayors of Reggio, Genovese and Giuseppe Antonio Melissari wanted to investigate the matter; so the governor, Diego Ferri, from historical sources described as a bad-tempered man and authoritarian ruler, recently appointed, sent Fossa two of the best doctors of the region, Saverio Fucetola and Francesco Marrari. The plague was ascertained by these two specialists, but did not stop the illegal smuggling with Sicily, in reality practiced by many local boats: the plague began to spread enormously even on the shores of Calabria.
The governor Ferri and the two mayors then considered Fossa the scapegoat source of the epidemic and ordered an expedition against the small town.Alessandro G. Kid Friendly: Yes. Friendly: No. Maximum travelers: 3. The ancient high perched village of Pentedattilo, in the Italiot-Greek area of Bovesia, on the road in a tiny old car.
Still a town with its own municipality during Arab, Norman, Swabian, Aragonese, Angevin, Spanish, French and Neapolitan rules, it suffered as mostly of Calabrian towns of earthquake, when its Castle, abandoned one century before, was ruined. Once again rebuilt in its old style after the earthquake the village was abandoned for political reasons in mid 20th century.
During the last twenty years Pentedattilo housing and infrastructures have been improved as to be able to be inhabited and it is today a touristic site and a place for handcraft workshops, art exhibitions, musical concerts, theatre performances and for an international short film festival, which occurs once in a year, during Autumn season.
Despite the renovation Pentedattilo still maintains its ghost-village appearance. We will drive along the SS Reggio-Taranto road. According to the season we might stop at Capo d'Armi rocky beach, where the typical white Lime-stone from Lazzaro Macellari stone or Pietra Reggina can be seen.
We will park the car in a panoramic spot from where it is easy to appreciate the view of the "five-finger rock" on which the village of Pentedattilo was built, starting from the 7th century BC.
We will have a few minutes walk in order to reach the high-perched village, where we will visit the Catholic Church, some local handcraft workshops, a 16th century affresco, the remains of the Alberti Castle, destroyed by the earthquake, and, in case they will be open, a little ethnographic museum and a small library.
If you are interested in ice-cream we might stop at Melito for a brioche ice-cream on the way back. Traffic on the coastal national road, as well as a deep visit of the village, may increase the duration of the tour. In case of RAIN we will use a contemporary car.
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